Download Evolutional ethics and animal psychology; PDF book (1898) by Edward Payson Evans
The recent enlargement of mental science. The close connection between evolutional ethics and animal psychology. Modem survivals of medieval metaphysics and anthropocentric ethics. “Zoophily.” The personification of inanimate objects by primitive peoples. Example from the Kalevala. Observation of animals by hunters and herdsmen in early society. Superstitious fear of animals and the rise of zoolatry. Survivals of animal worship in the cults of civilized races. Human appreciation of the lower animals as the result of their domestication. Their position as members of the tribe or family. They’re worth recognised by primitive legislation. Tie dog in the Avesta. Zarathustra’s care for cattle. Buddha’s precepts in respect to animal life.
The doctrine of evolution taught by Greek philosophers. The Ionic school of naturalists. Aristotle and Theophrastus. Greek speculation from Thales to Proclus. Celsus and Origen. Advanced views of Nemesius. His superiority to St. Augustine. Thomas Aquinas and the scholiasts. Beasts as types and symbols of spiritual truths. Their equality with a man before the law. The principle of animals’ rights asserted by evolutionists and generally op- ‘ posed by theologians.
Lotze’s theory of soul and body. Psychical faculties as affected by the physical organism. Their coetaneous development and peculiar interdependence in the pithecoid stage of man’s evolution. The starting point of. humanity. General intelligence in the simplest organisms. Observations of Darwin and Romanes. Growth of instincts analogous to the formation of habits. The measure of man’s duty to the lower animals determined by the degree of their mental development,